About Us

St. Ives is a multi-specialist hospital which opened in 1996. The hospital offers dedicated specialist services in all matters of women, children and family health. It is managed by a group of consultants in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Medicine and Surgery.

They are all still in active service and are abreast of all the modern trends and developments in their various specialties and presently running 3 branches (see our contact page) .

In providing 24 hours consultant led and technology driven medical care services, the hospital is well equipped with modern operating theaters for major surgeries, full laboratory units, well stocked pharmacy, radio-diagnostic units, admission facilities and stand-by generating sets.

The hospital provides a wide range of specialties Pediatric and Neonatal services, Gynecological services, Surgical, Medicine, ENT etc. in a pleasant environment. There is a prompt arrangement for in-house consultation and treatment for Sub-Specialty Consultants and Referral to affiliate specialist and consultants abroad – at clients request.

Every effort is made to provide the best possible standard of services at St.Ives.

Healthy Tips

Consult Services

consultOur premium health check incorporates over 60 different tests and is our most extensive service available providing you with an in-depth profile of your health and wellbeing. This package comprises of Personal Health Measurements, Haematology Profile (Full Blood Profile), Iron Status, Cardiovascular Profile & Cardiac Plus Check, Diabetes Check, Thyroid Function Test, Liver Function Test, Pancreatic Function Test, Kidney Function Test, Urinalysis, Bone Profile, Inflammatory/Infection Check, Gout Check, Prostate Screen (male), Hormonal Status (female), Fatigue Check(additional tests), H.Pylori Check, Stomach and Bowel Check, Muscle Damage Check, Nutritional Check You can use our online appointment form to book for a Premiun Health Check. After booking the appointment, a Customer Services Representative will process your the information and reply you with details of your appointment. Note that you can call our Customer Service Unit directly to book an appointment. Also note that you can use Skype or Blackberry to book an appointment; simply add us to your contact list – contact details available at the right panel of this page. You can also download our V.Card here & for recent news and update kindly signup for our newsletter or follow us on facebook & twitter.

Pregnancy Tips

pregnancy-photoYour body has a great deal to do during pregnancy. Sometimes the changes taking place will cause irritation or discomfort, and on occasions they may seem quite alarming. There is rarely an need for alarm, but you should mention anything worrisome to your obstetrician. If you think something maybe seriously wrong, trust your own judgment and get in touch with your obstetrician right away.

COMMON HEALTH PROBLEMS IN PREGNANCY.

Backache in Pregnancy

Backache in pregnancy is quite common. As your baby grows, the hollow in your back may become more pronounced and this can cause backache. During pregnancy, the ligaments in your body naturally become softer and stretch to prepare you for labour. This can put strains on the joints of your back and pelvis, which can cause backache. There are things you could do to help prevent backache from happening, and to help you cope with backache if it occurs.

These tips can help you protect your back.

  • • Avoid lifting heavy objects. Bend your knees and keep your back straight when lifting or picking up something from the floor.
  • • Move your feet when turning round to avoid twisting your spine.
  • Wear flat shoes as these allows your weight to be evenly distributed.
  • • Work at surfaces high enough to prevent you from stooping Sit with your back straight and well supported.
  • • Make sure you get enough rest, especially at late pregnancy.
  • • A firm mattress can also help to prevent and relieve backache. If your mattress is too soft, put a piece of hard board under it to make it firmer.
  • • Massage can be of good help.

Bleeding In Pregnancy

Bleeding during pregnancy is relatively common. However, bleeding from the vagina at anytime In pregnancy can be a dangerous sign, and you should always contact your obstetrician Immediately if it happens to you. Bleeding is not often caused by something serious, but it is very important to be sure and find out the causes straight away. In early pregnancy you might get some light bleeding called ‘spotting when the fetus implants itself in the well of the womb. This is also called implantation bleeding, and often happens around the time that your first period after conception would have been due.

Causes of Bleeding
During the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, vaginal bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancies.
However, many women who bleed at this stage of pregnancy go on to have normal and successful pregnancies.

  • Miscarriage- If a pregnancy ends before 24 weeks of pregnancy, it is called a miscarriage. Miscarriage is quite common on the first 12 weeks of pregnancy; around one in every five pregnancies ends this way. Many miscarriages in the first 12 weeks happen because there is something wrong with the baby, other causes are hormone or blood clotting problems.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy – Ectopic pregnancy is less common than miscarriage, and affects approximately one in 100 pregnancies. Bleeding may be a sign of ectopic pregnancy, when a fertilized egg Implants outside the womb, for example in the fallopian tube. An operation Is usually needed for correction and to save life of the mother.
  • Changes in Cervix – The cells of the cervix often change in pregnancy and make it more likely to bleed, especially after sex. These cell changes are harmless and are called cervical ectropion. Vaginal infection can also cause a small amount of bleeding

A ‘Show’
– The most common sort of bleeding in late pregnancy is the small amount of blood mixed with mucus that is known as a ‘show’. This occurs when cervix is changing prior to commencement of labour.

Placental Abruption
– This is a serious condition in which the placenta starts to come away from the inside of the womb wall. Placental abruption usually causes abdominal pain, even if there is no bleeding. If it happens close to the baby’s due date, your baby may be delivered early.

Placenta Praevia
– Low lying placenta (Placenta Praevia) is when the placenta is attached to the lower part of the womb near to or covering the cervix, it is easily detected on ultrasound scan.

Finding cause of bleeding in pregnancy may require you having a vaginal or pelvis examination, an ultrasound scan or blood tests to check your hormone levels. You will be observed or kept in hospital for observation. Your obstetrician will give you best advice.

Bleeding Gums

Some women get swollen and sore gums, which may bleed in pregnancy. Bleeding gums are caused by a build-up of plaque (bacteria) on the teeth.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can make your gums more vulnerable to plaque inflammation and bleeding. Your dentist will be able to help with this.
Tips on keeping your teeth and gum healthy are:

  • • Clean your teeth twice daily with a good brushing method (ask your dentist).
  • • Avoid sugary drinks and foods too often, snack and vegetable are often sugary and acidic food. Avoid mouthwash that contains alcohol.
  • • Stop smoking.
  • • Always make sure your dentist knows you are pregnant.

Constipation

You may become constipated very early in pregnancy because of the hormonal changes in your body. Constipation may mean that you are not passing stool as often as you normally do. You have to strain more than usual. Constipation can make your stool harder, lumpy, large or small.
Tips on preventing constipation includes:

  • • Eat foods that are high in fibre, such as a whole meal breads, whole grain cereal, fruit and vegetable, beans.
  • • Exercise more regularly to keep your muscles toned.
  • • Drink plenty of water
  • • Avoid iron tablets that can make you constipated
  • • Ask your obstetrician for an alternative.

Cramp in Pregnancy

Cramp is a sudden sharp pain, usually in your calf muscle or feet. It is most common at night. Nobody really knows what causes it, but there are theories such as calcium deficiency or extra weight putting strains on your muscles.

Regular gentle exercises in pregnancy; particularly ankle and leg movement will improve your circulation and may help to prevent cramp occurring.

Faintness in Pregnancy

Pregnant women often feel faint. This is because of the hormonal changes occurring in the body during pregnancy. Fainting happens if your brain is not getting enough blood and therefore not oxygen.

You are most likely to faint if you stand too quickly from a chair or out of a bath; it can also happen when you are lying on your back.
Tips on avoiding or coping with faint feeling:

  • Try to get up slowly after sitting or lying down
  • If you feel faint while standing still find a seat quickly and the faintness should pass. if It does not be down on your side.
  • If you feel faint while lying on your back, turn to your side.

It is better not to be flat on your back in later pregnancy or during labour.

Feeling Hot in Pregnancy

During pregnancy, you are likely to feel warmer than normal. This is due to hormonal changes and an increase in blood supply to the skins, You are also likely to sweat more.
Tips to help are:

  • Wear loose clothing made of natural fibres, as these are more absorbent and breathe more than synthetic fibres.
  • Keep your room cool.
  • Wash frequently to help, you feel fresh.

Urinating a lot in Pregnancy

Needing to pass urine frequently often starts early in pregnancy. Sometimes it continues right through pregnancy. In the later pregnancy it Is as result of the baby’s head pressing on your bladder.
Tips to help are:

  • To cut down frequent urination at night cut down drinking in the late evening, but drink plenty of non-alcoholic and caffeine free drink during the day.
  • If you have any pain while passing water or you pass any blood in your Urine, you may have a urine infection, which will need treatment.
  • Drink a lot of water to dilute your urine and reduce pain. later contact your obstetrician.

Skin and Hair changes

Hormone changes taking place in pregnancy will make your nipples and the area around them to go darker. Your skin colour may also darken a little, either in patches or all over. Hair growth can also increase in pregnancy and your hair may be greasier. After the baby is born, it may seem as if you are losing a lot of hair, but you are simply loosing the extra hair.

Varicose Veins

varicose veins are veins that have become swollen, the veins in the legs are the most commonly affected. You can also get varicose veins in the vulva.
Tips to help and prevent varicose veins:

  • Try to avoid standing or long periods of time.
  • Try not to sit with your legs crossed.
  • Try not to put on too much weight.
  • Sit with your legs up as often as you can.
  • Try support thighs which may help support your leg muscles.
  • Try sleeping with your legs higher than the rest of your body; use pillows under your ankle.
  • Do foot exercises and others such as walking, swimming etc.

Headaches in Pregnancy

Headaches in pregnant women are usually caused by hormones, and many women who are not pregnant notice a link with their periods. Menopause is also a trigger.

Headaches can get worse in the first few weeks of pregnancy, but they usually improve or stop completely during the last six months. They do not harm the baby but they can be uncomfortable for the pregnant woman.

Lifestyle changes can help to prevent headaches. Try to get more regular rest and relaxation.

Taking paracetamol in the recommended dosage is safe in pregnancy.

Baby Tips

babyThis article has been developed to help mothers learn about their babies. It gives a lot of information on how a baby grows, how to breastfeed, and helpful hints on caring for babies through infancy.

Breastfeeding:

Breastfeeding is the normal way to feed babies. Breast milk provides all the nutrition the baby needs. It has hundreds of antibodies, enzymes and other factors that protect babies from infections and diseases. Breast milk is easy for the baby to digest, it is always at the right temperature, easy to provide and always handy. Breastfeeding is also good for the mothers because it helps them to return more quickly to pre-pregnancy weight, gives stronger bones in later life, helps to bond more closely to the baby and lowers the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer and diabetes.

The World Health Organization, and many other National and international organizations recommend that no other foods besides Breast milk be given to the babies until they are six months old. They also recommend that one continues to breastfeed after starting solid foods at six months.

St. Ives hospital provides lactation service for mothers who register for antenatal care and deliver in the hospital. Lectures and practical guides are given by lactation experts (Doctors and Nurses)

 

Soft Spots

The soft spots (fontanelles) on top of a baby’s head are there so that the baby’s bones can move a little, so that the baby can more easily fit through the birth passage when he is being born. These spots will usually close over in the baby’s first year or so. Sometimes s a fontanelle swells when the baby is crying and goes flat when the baby stops crying. It can also be sunken if the baby is dehydrated.

 

Reflexes

Babies do some things automatically without knowing they are doing them. These are called reflexes. For example, if something is put in their mouth they suck on it (sucking reflex) and if something is put in their hands they hold on tight (grasp reflex). If they are startled or upset they fling their arms out and throw their heads back (Startle Reflex

 

Breast Bud

Babies are often born with large genitals and breasts and sometimes ‘milk’ comes from their breasts. This swelling is due to the mother’s hormones, it is normal (even for boys) and it does not last long.
Don’t try to squeeze and milk out of the breasts, as too much pressure can sometimes cause an infection. If the breasts become larger, firm and tender, and your baby seems unwell, there could be an infection, and you would need to take your baby to your doctor.

 

Umbilicus

The baby’s umbilicus (belly button) may take several days to heal fully, and many babies have umbilical hernias. An umbilical hernia is a lump underneath their belly button (umbilicus); it may swell if the baby is crying. This is a small gap in the tummy muscles and will nearly always go away in time. It does not cause health problems.

 

Cradle Cap

Cradle cap is a yellowish, patchy, greasy, scaly and crusty skin rash that occurs on the scalp or recently born babies. You can put olive oil or baby oil to soften the scales and wash the oil off the next day.

Gently lift off the softened scales with a soft brush, if some of the scales are sticking to the surface of the scalp, use the oil again the next night. Do not use much pressure to scrape off the scales, as this could cause wound on the underlying skin.

 

Rashes

Most babies have spots on their faces and often on parts of the body in the first few weeks. They are called milia and can look like acne -red spots with white centers. They are not acne and they do not need any treatment.

They seem to be a reaction to the skin being exposed to air rather than to fluid in the womb (uterus) before birth, sometimes the spots come when the baby gets hot or has been lying on that side. Some may also be reactions of the skin to Baby’s cream, lotions etc.

 

Diaper Rash

This is a red and painful rash on the diaper area. Rashes can be caused by irritation from dampness of urine or bowel movement on the skin.

To prevent Diaper rash, wash your hands before and after changing diapers. Keep the skin dry by changing diapers as soon as they are wet or soiled. Wash the diaper area with warm water and dry well or preferably use a baby wipe. Take the diaper off and expose the area to the air for 10 to 15 minutes, three times a day. You can lay your baby on an absorbent towel and play with her during this time. When the diaper area is clean and dry, rub on a thin Layer of zinc-based cream.

 

Oral Thrush (candidiasis)

Thrush is a common infection in infants. Thrush appears as a whitish gray coating on the tongue and on the inside of the cheeks and gums.

This coating is not easily wiped off. Babies may also develop thrush on their skin. Most babies do not have any pain or complications with thrush

 

Regurgitation

Lots of babies have hiccups after feeds. This is normal. Some babies spill some milk after feeds.

If they are growing well and happy this is nothing to worry about. If the baby is bringing up milk in big spurts much of the time and not putting on weight or is miserable a lot of the time; you need to see the doctor.

 

Colic

Many babies cry for up to three hours, or sometimes more, a day in the early weeks. Most babies like being held and comforted. Some babies still cry when they are being held.

Remember that every baby is different. While babies usually follow similar patterns with their development, your baby might do things faster or slower or differently from other babies and this is usually fine.

If the baby is doing things much more slowly or not doing some things at all. It is a good idea to check with your doctor to make sure that all is going well.

 

Buccal Cysts

Some babies have little white lumps like tiny pearls in their mouth, especially on the gums. These are normal and go away when the baby grows.

 

Teething

Most babies get their first teeth between 6-9 months. Once teething starts, it continues almost uninterrupted for about two years. Some babies have no difficulty with teething while others may become fussy and uncomfortable.

Some things you can do to relieve sore or tender gums: Give the baby a clean teething ring (Teether). Clean and massage the gums regularly to ease discomfort.

 

Baby’s Stools

Very young breastfed babies usually do several ‘poos’ a day. Even if your baby, seems to be pushing hard, the poo is usually very soft. After a few weeks some breastfed babies only have a poo every few days and it will still be soft. All this is normal.

Bottle fed babies might have firmer poos. If the poos seem very hard, water may be given to the baby to help the poo be soft again. Some may also have constipation for days, they may need to be assisted with the bowel movement.

 

Baby‘s Urine

A little light pink or orange stain from urine on the nappy is common and is nothing to worry about. It is caused by a reaction between chemicals in the baby’s urine (urates) and chemicals in the fibres of the nappy.

It is more likely, in boys because their stream of wee (urine) is more likely to all be on the same place on the diaper. If it is red or leaves a brown stain, that is, if it looks at all like blood or your baby seems unwell and is not feeding normally you need to have it checked by a doctor. Sometimes there can be small ‘crystals’ on the inner surface of a disposable nappy. These come from the inside of the nappy not from the baby.

 

Vaginal Blood Loss

Some female babies have small vaginal blood loss a few days after birth. This loss is due to the change in hormone levels after birth causing a brief menstrual period. This bleeding stops after a day or two. There will not be any more vaginal blood loss until the girl reaches puberty and starts to have periods.

Developmental Milestones
The child developmental milestones are briefly analyzed below:

Six Weeks:
He can smile at you when you smile at him.

Two Months:
Neck Control i.e he can hold up his head when you are holding him upright and lift his head up if he is lying on his tummy.

Three Months:
He will enjoy hitting toys that make noise and he can hold a rattle for a short time.

Four Months:
He may be able to roll from his front to his back, but it may be another couple of months, or more, before he can roll from his back to his front.

Six Months:
He may be able to sit without support

Seven Months:
He will be sitting up and might be starting to crawl Nine Months:Many babies can pull themselves up to stand. Some babies take longer. It takes another two or three months or so before he can stand without holding onto something and then a few more weeks before he can actually walk.

Twelve Months:
Babies will talk to you in their own language and expect you to understand. They may say one or two clear words- Hello, No etc. They can understand some sounds. The baby will be able to hold something with his thumb and forefinger and play little games like wave goodbye.

 

Jaundice

Jaundice appears in about half of full term babies and most of preterm babies. Babies have extra red blood cells. As the blood cells breakdown, a yellow colored substance called bilirubin is released. The yellow coloured substance in the baby’s blood causes the skin and the whites of the eyes to take on a yellowish tinge called jaundice. In most infants, Jaundice is mild. It comes on during the first three to five days and lasts only a few days. The only treatment needed initially is lots of breastfeeding and later phototherapy.

Do not give water by bottle as bilirubin is better eliminated through stools than urine. Untreated severe jaundice can lead to brain damage and deafness.

Immunization

Immunizations help to protect children from many diseases. Other words for immunizations are inoculations, vaccinations, boosters and shots. Immunizations help the baby’s immune system make substances called antibodies that fight diseases. The baby then develops protection against these diseases.

Some vaccines are only given once or twice, and some need to be given over a period of time in a series of properly spaced immunizations. By immunizing your baby, you give him the best possible protection against many serious diseases. Always take your child’s record with you when he gets his immunizations. Keep it with other important papers, because your child will need his immunization record when he is older. Sometimes immunizations may cause minor side effects, but these are temporary.

These side effects might be soreness or swelling where the needle went into the arm or leg, or a slight fever. These do not usually last long. Serious side effects from immunizations are very rare.

Vitamin K Injection

All newborns should have an injection or vitamin K within 6 hours after birth. This injection helps prevent hemorrhagic disease of the newborn.

Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn is a bleeding problem that occurs during the first few days of life.

Eye Treatment

Pediatricians recommend that all newborns receive treatment to prevent an infection of gonorrhea or Chlamydia. These infections can get into the baby’s eyes during birth. Today, an eye ointment is usually used to treat a baby’s eyes if the discharge is copious. If not treated, these infections are severe and can cause blindness

Ear Infection

Middle ear infections are called Otitis Media. Children can also get infections in the ear canal (called Otitis Externa). It causes pain, fever and distress to children and is one of the reasons why they may wake at night. Ear infections can also affect children’s hearing.

 

Fever

Fever is usually caused by infections. The source of the infection can be bacteria or a virus. Fever is the normal process of fighting an infection. Babies less than six months old should be taken to their health care provider if they have a fever. Let the baby breast feed more, or offer more to drink, take off extra clothes that the baby is wearing. Give medicine to help bring down the fever and make him more comfortable.
Give your baby a tepid sponging or lukewarm bath. Not every sick baby will have a fever, especially if they are less than 1 month old. Some signs of a sick baby may be poor feeding, excessive crying or being irritable.

Temperature range

Your baby’s body temperature changes throughout the day. It is lowest in the early morning and highest in the early evening. Normal temperature taken under the armpit is 36.5°C to 37.4°C (97.7F to 99.3F). Put the tip of the thermometer in the centre of the armpit.
Tuck the arm snugly against the body, then comfort and distract your baby. After about 1 minute the thermometer will beep if it is digital. Mothers are advised to get their own digital thermometer for home use.

Paracetamol or Ibuprofen

Paracetamol (which in some countries is called acetaminophen/tyelenol) has been safely used for many years to help with mild to moderate pain and fever for babies, young children and older children, but if too much paracetamol is given to a child, especially a sick child, for too long, it can harm the child.
Ibuprofen is a newer drug than paracetamol, but it has also been used for fever and mild to moderate pain in children and adults for some years. It is not suitable for children under six months of age. If the fever persists for 1-2 days, it is advisable the child is seen by the doctor.

Circumcision

Circumcision is the removal of the flap or skin which naturally covers the tip of the penis. Circumcision can be painful for the child, both at the time of the operation and some days after. Male Circumcision reduces risks or urinary tract infection in infancy and reduces the risk of HIV/AIDs later in life. The babies are placed on paracetamol after the procedure.
Female circumcision is harmful and is not done due to the various complications it exposes the female child to.

Preterm Babies

Preterm babies or preemies are those who are born before 37 weeks gestation. Preemies may have immature organ systems. Generally, the younger the baby’s age at birth, the more health problems she may have. A preterm baby may need to be separated from the mother at birth if special care is required.
When the preterm baby is well enough, she may be encouraged to have skin-to-skin contact with the mother; this is called Kangaroo care. The baby is unwrapped and placed on the chest where he can hear the heartbeat, feel the breathing, and breastfeed. The babies may have problems with feeding. They may be fed via pedal tubes or pump to give breast milk for feedings.

Remember – Never shake a baby or throw a baby up! It can lead to seizure, brain damage and death.